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  Essential Architecture-  Vicenza

Palazzo della Ragione 

architect

Andrea Palladio (later refurb)

location

Vicenza

date

1172-1219

style

Italian Rennaisance  

construction

masonry

type

town hall building Government
   
The Palazzo della Ragione is a Renaissance town hall building . There are at least two such a building in Venetian region (Italy): Padua and Vicenza.

Vicenza building most notable feature is its arcade, which sports one of the first examples of the misnamed Palladian window, designed by a young Palladio, whose work in architecture was to have a significant effect on the field during the Renaissance and later periods.

The Padova building, with its great hall on the upper floor, is reputed to have the largest roof unsupported by columns in Europe; the hall is nearly rectangular, its length 81.5m, its breadth 27m, and its height 24m; the walls are covered with allegorical frescoes; the building stands upon arches, and the upper storey is surrounded by an open loggia, not unlike that which surrounds the basilica of Vicenza. The Palazzo was begun in 1172 and finished in 1219; in 1306 Fra Giovanni, an Augustinian friar, covered the whole with one roof; originally there were three roofs, spanning the three chambers into which the hall was at first divided; the internal partition walls remained till the fire of 1420, when the Venetian architects who undertook the restoration removed them, throwing all three spaces into one and forming the present great hall, the Salone. The new space was refrescoed by Nicolo' Miretto and Stefano da Ferrara, working from 1425 to 1440.

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