Essential Architecture- Search by style
|One of the earliest places to be influenced by the
Renaissance style of architecture was Hungary. The style appeared following
the marriage of King Matthias Corvinus and Beatrix of Naples in 1476.
Matthias was 15 when he was elected King of Hungary. He was educated in
Italian, and his fascination with the achievements of the Italian
Renaissance led to the promotion of Mediterranean cultural influences in
Hungary. Many Italian artists, craftsmen and masons arrived at Buda with the
new queen. One of whom, Aristotile Fioravanti, travelled from Hungary to
Moscow where he built the Cathedral of the Dormition. The most important
work of Hungarian Renaissance ecclesiastical architecture is the Bakócz
Chapel in the, now rebuilt and mostly nineteenth century, Esztergom
Poznan Town Hall rebuilt from the Gothic style by Giovanni Batista di Quadro (1550-1555). Buda Castle was enlarged and modernized in Renaissance style. King Matthias also built a sumptuous summer palace in Visegrád. His successor, King Ulászló II built an Italianate hunting lodge in Budanyék. These monuments were largely destroyed in the Ottoman wars but the remains of the Visegrád Palace were partially reconstructed around 2000.
The Ottoman conquest of Hungary in 1526 put an abrupt end to the short-lived Hungarian Renaissance. The royal court ceased to exist but Hungarian landowner families in the Royal Hungary built a lot of provincial Renaissance castles in the 16-17th centuries. The most important of them was the Rákóczi Castle in Sárospatak.
Many significant Renaissance castles were built in Transylvania, that time an independent principality. The palace of Gabriel Bethlen in Gyulafehérvár (now Alba Iulia, Romania) was designed by Italian architects. The Transylvanian Renaissance lasted well until the first half of the 18th century because of the aesthetical conservatism of the country. The vernacular architecture of Transylvania preserved Renaissance details especially long.