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Rundbogenstyl Architecture Romanesque Revival

Congregation K’Hal Adath Jeshurun, NY Ottendorfer Branch, NY Public Library, NY Joseph Papp Public Theater, NY
Cooper Union Foundation Building, NY DeVinne Press, NY Puck Building , NY
     
Term used to describe an architectural style that began and flourished in Germany in the second quarter of the 19th century, with parallels, mostly later, in other northern European countries and the USA, and which survived much longer as a utilitarian style. Based on the structural unit of the round arch, or Rundbogen, it has frequently been confused with Romanesque Revival architecture. The Rundbogenstil, however, was not a historical revival; instead, it was among the first architectural movements to insist that form be derived not from history but according to abstract notions of utility and objectivity. By placing issues of planning and construction above those of formal composition and ornament, the Rundbogenstil was an important forerunner to 20th-century architecture, bringing Germany for the first time to a position of international prominence in architectural theory.