Essential Architecture- Search by style
|Guildhall, London||Sezincote House (c. 1805) in Gloucestershire||Casa Loma in Toronto|
|Sanssouci in Potsdam||Wilhelma in Stuttgart|
Hindoo, an archaic spelling of Hindu, is a term used in architectural history to refer to Western imitations of Indian architecture in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. The use of archaic spelling parallels the term "gothick" used to refer to imitations of medieval architecture at the same period.
One of the earliest examples of Hindoo style can be seen in the façade of Guildhall, London (1788-1789) and the style gained momentum in the west with the publication of the various views of India by William Hodges and the Daniell duo, (William Daniell and his uncle Thomas Daniell) from about 1795. One of the finest examples of Hindoo architecture is Sezincote House (c. 1805) in Gloucestershire. Other notable buildings using the Hindoo style of Orientalism are Casa Loma in Toronto, Sanssouci in Potsdam, and Wilhelma in Stuttgart.
The term "Hindoo" in this context simply means "Indian". Many of these buildings use typically Islamic rather than Hindu architectural forms.
|Sezincote House (c. 1805) in
The architectural character of the estate can be described as a British, Georgian era re-interpretation of classic Mughal forms. Emperor Akbar, who ruled the empire from 1556 to 1605, "deliberately mixed Islamic and Hindu elements in architecture in an effort to culturally integrate" his kingdom.. Typical forms that are utilized by Cockerell are:
Mughal Design Terms
a chattri, or Hindu term for a domed kiosk, usually onion shaped, open-sided, and supported by 4 columns
a Minaret, a slender tower with balconies from where prayers are called; also copper plated
However, instead of the traditionally white marble, Cockerell uses copper.