Essential Architecture- Search by style
|Lorsch Abbey, gateway, (c.800)||Palatine Chapel in Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle) (792-805)||St. Michael, Fulda, rotunda and crypt (822)|
|Einhard's Basilica, Steinbach (827)||Saint Justinus' church, Frankfurt-Höchst (830)||Broich Castle, Muelheim on the Ruhr (884)|
|Abbey of Corvey (885)||St. George, Oberzell in Reichenau Island (888)|
|Carolingian architecture is the style of north
European architecture belonging to the period of the Carolingian Renaissance
of the late 8th and 9th centuries when the Carolingian family dominated west
European politics. It was a conscious attempt to emulate Roman architecture
and to that end it borrowed heavily from Early Christian and Byzantine
architecture, though there are nonetheless innovations of its own, resulting
in a unique character.
The gatehouse of the monastery at Lorsch, built around 800, exemplifies classical inspiration for Carolingian architecture, built as a triple arched hall, with the arched facade interspersed with attached classical columns and pilasters above.
Palatine Chapel in Aachen
The Palatine Chapel in Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle) constructed between 792 - 805 was inspired by the octagonal Justinian church of San Vitale in Ravenna, built in the 6th century, but at Aachen there is a tall monumental western entrance complex, as a whole called westwork - something initiated in Carolingian times.
Carolingian churches generally are basilican, like the Early Christian churches of Rome, and commonly incorporated westwork, which is arguably the precedent for the western facades of later medieval cathedrals. Original westwork survives today at the Abbey of Corvey, built in 885.
Conant, K. J. (1978) Carolingian and Romanesque Architecture 800-1200
Pevsner, N. (1963) An Outline of European Architecture