Essential Architecture-  Granada











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A view of the Alhambra from the Patio de la Acequia.

The Palacio de Generalife (Arabic: Jannat al-'Arif - Architect's Garden) was the summer palace and country estate of the Nasrid sultans of Granada.

The palace and gardens were built during the reign of Muhammad III (1302-1309) and redecorated shortly after by Abu I-Walid Isma'il (1313-1324).

The complex consists of the Patio de la Acequia (Court of the Water Channel or Water-Garden Courtyard), which has a long pool framed by flowerbeds, fountains, colonnades and pavilions, and the Jardín de la Sultana (Sultana's Garden or Courtyard of the Cypress). The former is thought to best preserve the style of the medieval garden in Al-Andalus. Originally the palace was linked to the Alhambra by a covered walkway across the ravine that now divides them. The Generalife is one of the oldest surviving Moorish gardens.

The present-day gardens were started in 1931 and completed by Francisco Prieto Moreno in 1951. The walkways are paved in traditional Granadian style with a mosaic of pebbles: white ones from the River Darro and black ones from the River Genil.

 Burton, Rosemary and Cavendish, Richard (2003). Wonders of the World: 100 Great Man-Made Treasures of Civilization. Sterling Publishing Company, Inc., ISBN 1-58663-751-7, p.27.
Núñez, J. Agustín (Ed.). (2002). Muslim and Christian Granada. Edilux. ISBN 84-95856-07-7.
The Generalife was the country estate of the King of Granada. Located only a walk away from the main residence, it is located just outside the northern fortifications of the Alhambra. When the King felt the need to get away from the life at court he could retreat here to relax and reflect. Granada's main sights:

The gardens of the Generalife separate the country house from the Palace and Alcazaba. The garden shown above is actually the patio in the country house (Summer Palace).

If you head up to the hill to the right (towards the upper gardens) you will find the "water fall" stairway. The "Escalera del Agua" has water cascading down its handrails.


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