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 Essential Architecture-  ROME

Esposizione Universale Roma

architect

various

location

outside Rome

date

1935

style

Fascist

construction

limestone, tuff and marble.

type

Government
 
  Palazzo dei Congressi
 
  Palazzo della CiviltÓ Italiana
The Esposizione Universale Roma (E.U.R.) is a large complex, built in 1935 by Benito Mussolini as symbol of fascism for the world; he wanted to expand the new Rome in the west, to connect it to the sea. The E.U.R. was originally conceived for the 1942 world exhibition, and was called "E.42" ("Esposizione 42"). However the world exhibition would never take place since Italy entered the war in 1940.

The E.U.R. provides a good image of how urban Italy would have looked if the fascist regime would not have fallen; large, symmetrical streets and cold buildings of either stile Littorio, inspired by Roman architecture, or Rationalism, built in the traditional limestone, tuff and marble.

Palazzo della CiviltÓ Italiana
The most representative building of the Fascist style is the Palazzo della CiviltÓ Italiana (1938-1943), which was built as a cubic Colosseum.

After the war, the Roman authorities found that they already had a germ of an off-centre business district that other capitals were still planning (London Docklands and La Defense in Paris).

During the 1950s and 1960s, old buildings were completed, and other new buildings were constructed in the same style - housing offices, ministries, large gardens and grand parks.

It holds the Museum of Roman Civilization and a Sports Palace used in the Olympic Games of 1960.

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