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 Essential Architecture-  ROME

American Academy in Rome

architect

McKim, Mead, and White 

location

Rome, Italy

date

1913

style

Neoclassical

construction

masonry 

type

Education
 
 
 
   
The American Academy in Rome is a research and arts institution located on the Gianicolo (Janiculum Hill) in Rome. It was created in 1913 out of a merger between the American School of Architecture (founded 1894) and the American School of Classical Studies in Rome (founded 1895 by the Archaeological Institute of America). The founders included Charles Follen McKim, William Kissam Vanderbilt, Henry Clay Frick, John D. Rockefeller, Jr., and Andrew Carnegie.

Today the Academy is home to scholars and artists who have been awarded the prestigious Rome Prize. Rome Prizes are awarded in various fields:

School of Classical Studies (12 Rome Prizes, of which 10 are for one year and 2 are for two years) 
Ancient Studies 
Medieval Studies 
Renaissance and Early-Modern Studies 
Modern Italian Studies 
School of Fine Arts (15 Rome Prizes, of which 11 are for one year and 4 are for six months) 
Architecture 
Design Arts 
Historic Preservation and Conservation 
Landscape Architecture 
Musical Composition 
Visual Arts 
Literature (the only field in which Rome Prizes are awarded by nomination through the American Academy of Arts and Letters, rather than by application) 
In addition to Rome Prize Fellows (designated by the acronym FAAR), other scholars and artists live and/or work at the Academy. Residents, generally prominent scholars or artists themselves, also live at the Academy for three months. There are two to three Residents (RAAR) annually for each field.

The Academy is housed in several buildings. The main building was designed by the firm of McKim, Mead, and White and opened in 1914. The courtyard has a fountain designed by sculptor Paul Manship. The Academy also owns the Villa Aurelia, a country estate built for Cardinal Girolamo Farnese in 1650. The building served as Giuseppe Garibaldi's headquarters during the French siege of Rome in 1849. The villa was heavily damaged during the assault, but it was restored. It was then purchased by Philadelphia heiress Clara Jessup Heyland. Heyland died in 1909, bequeathing the villa to the Academy in her will.

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American Academy in Rome
www.essential-architecture.com