Essential Architecture-  Paris

Hôtel Amelot de Gournay

architect

Germain Boffrand

location

1, rue Saint-Dominique near the Solférino Metro station

date

1712

style

Second Empire

construction

masonry

type

Town House (hôtel)
 
 
The Hôtel Amelot de Gournay at 1, rue Saint-Dominique near the Solférino Metro station was designed by Germain Boffrand in 1712 and acquired by Michel Amelot de Gournay the next year. Mr. Poisson notes that "this hôtel has several original features, most notably an oval forecourt," adding that "Boffrand's use of a colosssal order that rises the full height of the court façade gives the central block exceptional dignity. The garden façade also features a central curved wall, this one convex."

Text and illustration quoted from- "Paris, Buildings and Monuments" An Illustrated Guide with over 850 Drawings and Neighborhood Maps. By Michael Poisson. Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 463 pp, 1999.
The 1712 Hôtel established of Boffrand as object of speculation were sold in the year following on it at the diplomat Michel Amelot de Gournay. The areas extremely variation-rich arranged in size and plan design group themselves around an oval inner court. To this the only fuenfachsige main's building opens by korinthische pilaster, which spread in Kolossalordnung both projectiles. To the garden the Corps decays de logis with its salon easily convex. In its baroque dynamics the Hôtel Amelot de Gournay reminds to the inner court of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane in Rome from Francesco Borromini. 
(Gabriel) (Germain) Boffrand
*7.5.1667 Nantes
†18.3.1754 Paris
Particularly by its interior designs Boffrand is considered as the most important French building master Rococo.
After 1681 training as the sculptor, received with Francois Girandon, turned Boffrand to architecture. First, he is promoted to pupil Jules Hardouin Mansarts already soon to its coworker.
After it had established 1703-06 on behalf of the duke Leopold of Lorraine the lock of Lunéville, appointed it these 1711 its first architect. Under the further lothringischen buildings Boffrands are particularly the Hôtel of the Marquis de Beauveau Beauveau-Craon (1715 begun; to emphasize today palace de Justice) in Nancy as well as the towers and the dome of the there cathedral (1723 begun).
1712 to the "Ingénieur et Inspecteur général ponts et chaussées" destined, turned Boffrand in of Paris above all the speculative building of numerous Hôtels, of those for instance the Hôtel de Montmorency (1712), Hôtel Amelot de Gournay (1712), who Hôtel de Seignelay (1713) or the Hôtel de Torcy (1714) are mentioned. The in such a way gained fortune should lose the architect however 1720 by its financial participation in bankruptcies the commercial company John Laws again.
Hôtel de Rohan Rohan-Soubise established special attention under Boffrands later Paris projects earned above all the 1736-39 created innendekoration already starting from 1704 of Pierre Alexis of the Delamair. In particular the Interieur of the pavilion attached by Boffrand shows the Raffinesse and informal elegance of the stylistic idiom Boffrands. These principles are carried out also in the Château de Saint Saint-Ouen, in whose pavilion shared by guest apartments, farm buildings and Stallungen surrounded yard he establishes a tiny, to the Trianon.
Similarly as its contemporary Robert de Cotte exercised Boffrand also on architecture outside of of France a substantial influence. Thus it functioned for instance with the establishment of the Wuerzburger Residenz as important advisors Balthasar Neumanns
The belesene and spirit-rich Boffrand intervenes also in the aesthetic and architecture-theoretical discussion of its time. Thus it turns in its 1745 published itself writing "livre D ' Architecture contenant les principes généraux de cet kind" against the formal dissipations of the gothic and the baroque, to which it sets against the work Andrea Palladios apart from the antiken architecture as model. 
Markus Golser

links

 
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