Essential Architecture-  Paris

Rotonde de la Villette

architect

Claude Nicolas Ledoux

location

Paris, France

date

1770

style

NeoClassical

construction

cut stone

type

Toll gate- one of about 60 (mostly demolished) elaborate toll gates on the Wall of the Farmers-General around Paris.
 
 
 
  Most of Ledoux's toll gates were destroyed in the French Revolution shortly after they were completed.
 
   
The Canal St-Martin goes underground again at the place de la Bataille de Stalingrad, dominated by the Neoclassical Rotonde de la Villette, with portico and pediments surmounted by a rotunda. This was one of the toll houses designed by the architect Ledoux as part of Louis XVI's scheme to tax all goods entering the city. At that time, every road out of the city had a customs post, or barrière, linked by a six-metre-high wall, known as "Le Mur des Fermiers-Généraux" – a major irritant in the run-up to the French Revolution. Backing the toll house is an elegant aerial stretch of métro, supported by Neoclassical iron and stone pillars.

links

Thanks to http://france-for-visitors.com/paris/index.html 
www.essential-architecture.com