Essential Architecture-  Island Rügen

St. Mary’s Church at Bergen

architect

 

location

Rügen, in the Baltic Sea off the coast of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, north-eastern Germany.

date

1180

style

Hanseatic Brick Gothic

construction

Brick

type

Church
 
   
Contact:
Church Office: +49 (0)3838-253524
Tourism Office: +49 (0)3838-811206
Email: touristeninformation@stadt-bergen-auf-ruegen.de
 
Internet: www.stadt-bergen-auf-ruegen.de

Opening hours:
no regular opening hours

Entrance fees:
free

the building:
St. Mary’s Church is the oldest and architecturally most significant church on the island. Construction was started in 1180, immediately after the Danes had started to convert the island to Christianity. Danish influence manifests itself in architectural elements such as the Romanesque Eastern choir and the adjacent transept. The church was built as a part of a palace for the Slav Prince Jaromar, before it was converted first into an abbey for Benedictine nuns (in 1193), a monastery church for Cistercian nuns (in 1250) and finally into a parish church in 1380. In the 14th century, the nave was converted into a Gothic hall and extended by a church tower. The late Romanesque paintings which cover the entire interior walls of the choir as well as the transept and a richly jewel-encrusted golden chalice from the same period are unique in Northern Germany. The rest of the decoration was mainly added in the late Baroque period. A Slav tombstone integrated into the exterior wall, probably depicting a Slav priest and therefore older than the church itself, seems to indicate that the Slavs used the plot as a burial ground before the church was built.

links

Special thanks to www.eurob.org
www.essential-architecture.com