Essential Architecture-  Lüneburg

Lüne Yard




Lüneburg, Lower Saxony, Germany.




Hanseatic Brick Gothic




Lüne Yard

the building:

Lüne Abbey acquired the site in 1356 and completed the main building in 1361. The complex consists of a main building measuring about 33 x 10 metres, a gatehouse, and other outbuildings. The three-storey, gabled main building has a central portal surmounted by a pointed arch, which is reached via a staircase. The segmental pediment windows of the first and second floors probably used to be coupled windows. There are pointed arch windows in the simple triangular gable. The eaves façade on Lüner Straße was originally structured by pointed arch and segmental pediment windows. In the western part of the eaves front there are hatches placed one above the other on various floors. The eaves front facing the courtyard is similarly simple in style. The two-nave cellar with rib vaults supported by cruciform central piers has an entrance from the street “Auf dem Kauf.” The ground floor repeats the structure of the cellar. It contains a partioned-off room with two rib vaults which has been interpreted as a chapel. Originally, the second floor was probably not divided and, like the four lofts, served as a store. Hatches and a hoist made it possible to bring in goods for storage. The complex served the abbey as a place of abode in the city and as a refuge in emergencies. Inside the building there is an old people's home; thus, viewing is not possible.


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