Essential Architecture-  Hanseatic city of Greifswald

St. Nicholas’ Church

architect

 

location

Greifswald, northeastern Germany.

date

1390

style

Hanseatic Brick Gothic

construction

Brick

type

Church
 
 
 
  Special thanks to http://erwin-rosenthal.de/vorpommern/greifswald.htm 
 
  Town Hall (red) and Cathedral
 
 
  “Rubenow Tafel”
Contact:
Domstraße 54,
17489 Greifswald
Phone: +49 (0)3834 2627
Fax: +49 (0)3834 799422
Email: dom-greifswald@t-online.de 

opening hours:
variable
the building:
The St. Nicholas’ Church, situated on one of the medieval world’s main trade roads, is first mentioned in official records in 1262 – making it the oldest as well as the largest church in Greifswald. In 1360, the church was reconstructed as a completely new triple-nave hall church with low chapels. The lower storeys of the church tower are dating from the same period. A few years later, however, the construction plans were drastically changed, and after the ancient church had been completely demolished, around 1390 the construction of a three-nave, five-bay basilican choir began which is unique in North Germany brick architecture. The church tower collapsed twice, but around 1500, the architects arrived at a more structurally stable solution, which was finished with a two-storey octagon and a baroque double lantern, giving it a height of almost 100 m. The church interior was largely altered in the wake of a Neo-Gothic redecoration in 1824–1832, but several of the small side chapels still have their original wall paintings from the 14th and 15th centuries. Apart from the many medieval sepulchral slabs, Baroque memorial tablets and chapel walls, the most famous item is probably the so-called “Rubenow Tafel,” a painting from about 1460.

links

Special thanks to www.eurob.org
www.essential-architecture.com