Essential Architecture-  Bad Doberan

Bad Doberaner Münster

architect

 

location

Bad Doberaner, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.

date

1368

style

Hanseatic Brick Gothic

construction

Brick  The church is generally considered to provide the best and most accomplished example for the use of brick in medieval architecture.

type

Church
 
 
 
 
   
the building:

The architecture and decoration of the monastic church (consecrated in 1368) demonstrate the importance enjoyed by the Cistercian monastery of Doberan in the medieval world.
The church is generally considered to provide the best and most accomplished example for the use of brick in medieval architecture. Cistercian simplicity and rigorous formal discipline are combined with bold architectural innovations to produce a building of the highest technical and artistic standards. The High Gothic pier basilica is considered to be the most important medieval building in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and unique in the entire Baltic region. The Minster is a three-nave basilica with rib vaulting, nine bays in length with a 5/8 internal termination and an ambulatory from which five chapels radiate and a two-nave transept. The church exterior has been designed in the simple and plain forms of the Cistercian idiom. The west gable and transepts, however, are decorated with blind rosettes. The noble forms of the interior are impressive with the tripartite elevation composed of an arcade, a painted blind triforium and a clerestory, which retained this form throughout the period of construction. The church interior has largely escaped the iconoclastic excesses, wars and devastations of the following centuries and provides the richest and most complete original decoration of any Cistercian monastic church anywhere in Europe. Remarkable artefacts include the high altar (around 1310), the monumental rood-screen crucifix altar (around 1360), the chalice ambry (around 1310), the Mill Altar (around 1420), the candelabrum with the late-Romanesque figure of Mary (from 1280), the monks’ choir stalls (from 1300), and the tomb sculpture depicting the Danish Queen Margarethe Sambiria (ca. 1285). The monastic church was constructed after its Romanesque predecessor had been partially destroyed by fire in 1291.
Comprehensive measures to maintain and restore the medieval building substance have repeatedly been undertaken during the 19th century and since the end of WWII. Since 2001, the daily guided tours through the monastery have been complemented by interesting themed tours. And if a concert in the High Gothic cathedral happens to coincide with your visit: do not miss the opportunity – it could be your musical experience of a lifetime!

Contact:
Klosterstraße 2,
18209 Bad Doberan
Phone: +49 (0)38203 62716,
Fax: +49 (0)38203 62528
Email:
verwaltung@
doberanermuenster.de 
Internet:
www.doberanermuenster.de

opening hours:
May-September
Mon-Sat 9-18 h
Sun&Holidays 11.30-18 h
March, April,October
Mon-Sat 10-17
Sun&Holidays 11.30-17 h
November-February
Tue-Sat 10-16
Sun&Holidays 11.30- 16 h
Tel:038203-627 16

links

Special thanks to www.eurob.org
www.essential-architecture.com