vienna austria
     
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State Coat of Arms

Vienna (German: Wien [viːn], see also other names) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primate city; with a population of about 1.7 million (2.2 million within the metropolitan area), and is by far the largest city in Austria as well as its cultural, economic and political centre. Vienna lies in the south-eastern corner of Central Europe and is close to the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary. In 2001, the city centre was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site [2].

 History

Founded around 500 BC, Vienna was originally a Celtic settlement. In 15 BC, Vienna became a Roman frontier city ("Vindobona") guarding the Roman Empire against Germanic tribes to the north.

During the Middle Ages, Vienna was home of the Babenberg Dynasty and in 1440 became residence city of the Habsburg dynasties from where Vienna eventually grew to become the secret capital of the Holy Roman Empire and a cultural centre for arts and science, music and fine cuisine. The Ottoman invasions of Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries were stopped twice just outside Vienna (see Siege of Vienna, 1529 and Battle of Vienna, 1683).


Vienna in 1858

In 1805, Vienna became capital of the Austrian Empire — and later the Austro-Hungarian Empire — and played a major role in European and World politics, including hosting the 1815 Congress of Vienna. Adolf Hitler lived in Vienna from 1907 until 1913. The Academy Of Fine Arts of the city rejected him as a student. When Hitler became broke and homeless he stayed at homeless shelters like the one on the Meldemann Strasse. In 1918, after World War I, Vienna became capital of the First Austrian Republic. In 1938 Hitler spoke to the Austrian people from the balcony of the Neue Burg, a part of the Hofburg at the Heldenplatz. Between 1938 (Anschluß) and the end of the Second World War, Vienna lost its status as a capital to Berlin. In 1945, the Vienna Offensive was successfully launched by the Soviets against the Germans holding Vienna. The city was besieged for about two weeks before it fell to the Soviets. After 1945, Vienna was again the capital of Austria. It was initially divided into four zones by the Allies. Vienna became a hot-bed for international espionage between the Western and Eastern blocs.


 Historical population

Due to industrialisation and immigration from other parts of the Empire, the population of Vienna increased sharply during its time as capital of Austria-Hungary (1867-1918). However, after World War I, many Czechs and Hungarians returned to their ancestral countries, resulting in a decline in the Viennese population. At the height of the immigration, about one third of the people living in Vienna were of Slavic or Hungarian descent.

By 2001, only 16% of people living in Vienna had nationalities other than Austrian, nearly half of which were from the former Yugoslavia; the next most numerous nationalities in Vienna were Turkish (39,000 or 2.5%), Polish (13,600 or 0.9%) and German (12,700 or 0.8%) [3].


 Subdivision

Vienna is composed of 23 districts (Bezirke). Legally, they are not districts in the sense of administrative bodies with explicit powers (such as the districts in the other Austrian states), but mere subdivisions of the city administration. Elections at the district level give the representatives of the districts some political power in fields such as planning and traffic.

The 23 districts are numbered for convenience in a roughly clockwise fashion starting in the city centre: 1. Innere Stadt, 2. Leopoldstadt, 3. Landstraße, 4. Wieden, 5. Margareten, 6. Mariahilf, 7. Neubau, 8. Josefstadt, 9. Alsergrund, 10. Favoriten, 11. Simmering, 12. Meidling, 13.Hietzing, 14. Penzing, 15. Rudolfsheim-Fünfhaus, 16. Ottakring, 17. Hernals, 18. Währing, 19. Döbling, 20. Brigittenau, 21. Floridsdorf, 22. Donaustadt, 23. Liesing.

The heart and historical city of Vienna, the Innere Stadt, was once surrounded by walls and open fields in order to deny cover to potential attackers. The walls were razed in 1857, making it possible for the city to expand and eventually merge with the surrounding villages. In their place, a broad boulevard called the Ringstraße was built, along which imposing public and private buildings, monuments, and parks now lie. These buildings include the Rathaus (town hall), the Burgtheater, the University, the Parliament, the twin museums of natural history and fine art, and the Staatsoper. It is also the location of the Hofburg, the former imperial palace. The mainly Gothic Stephansdom is located at the centre of the city, on Stephansplatz. Beyond the Ringstraße, there was another wall called the Linienwall, which was torn down in the latter half of the 19th century to make room for expanding suburbs. It is now a ring road called Gürtel.

Industries are located mostly in the southern and eastern districts. The Innere Stadt is situated away from the main flow of the Danube, but is bounded by the Donaukanal ("Danube canal"). Vienna's second and twentieth districts are located between the Donaukanal and the Danube River. Across the Danube are the newest districts, which include the location of the Vienna International Centre.

Vienna's postal codes can be determined by the district where a given address is located; 1XXA - 1 denotes Vienna, XX the district number (if it is a single digit then with a leading zero), A is the number of the post office (irrelevant in this case, usually zero). Example: 1070 for Neubau. Exceptions include 1300 for the Vienna International Airport located in Lower Austria near Schwechat, 1400 for the UN Complex, 1450 for the Austria Center, and 1500 for the Austrian UN forces.


 Politics
Until 1918, Viennese politics were shaped by the Christian Social Party, in particular long-term mayor Karl Lueger. Vienna is today considered the centre of Social Democracy in Austria. During the period of the First Republic (1918-1934), the Vienna Social Democrats undertook many overdue social reforms, improving the quality of life for hundreds of thousands of workers in the city. At that time, Vienna´s municipal policy was admired by Socialists throughout Europe, who therefore referred to the city as "Red Vienna" (Rotes Wien). Since the end of the First World War, the city has been governed by the Social Democratic Party with absolute majorities in the city parliament. Only between 1934 and 1945, when the Social Democratic Party was illegal, mayors were appointed by the austro-fascist and later by the Nazi authorities. Current mayor of Vienna is Michael Häupl. An example of the city’s many social democratic policies is its low-cost residential estates called Gemeindebauten.

Ever since Vienna obtained federal state (Bundesland) status of its own in 1921, the mayor has also had the role of the state governor (Landeshauptmann). The Rathaus accommodates the offices of the mayor and the state government (Landesregierung). The city is administered by a multitude of departments (Magistratsabteilungen).


 Religions


Stephansdom

Vienna is the seat of the Viennese Roman Catholic archdiocese, and its acting Archbishop is Cardinal Christoph Schönborn. The religions of the Viennese resident population is divided according to the 2001 census as follows [3]:

Roman Catholic 49.2%
No religion 25.7%
Muslim 7.8%
Orthodox 6.0%
Protestant (mostly Lutheran) 4.7%
Jewish 0.5%
Other or none indicated 6.3%

 Music, theatre and opera


Wien Staatsoper

Art and culture have a long tradition in Vienna, including theatre, opera, classical music and fine arts. The Burgtheater is considered one of the best theatres in the German-speaking world alongside its branch, the Akademietheater. The Volkstheater Wien and the Theater in der Josefstadt also enjoy good reputations. There is also a multitude of smaller theatres, in many cases devoted to less mainstream forms of performing arts, such as modern, experimental plays or cabaret.

Vienna is also home to a number of opera houses, including the Staatsoper and the Volksoper, the latter being devoted to the typical Viennese operetta. Classical concerts are performed at well known venues such as the Wiener Musikverein, home of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, and the Wiener Konzerthaus. Many concert venues offer concerts aimed at tourists, featuring popular highlights of Viennese music (particularly the works of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Johann Strauss).

In recent years, the Theater an der Wien has become widely known for hosting premieres of musicals, although it has recently devoted itself to the opera again. The most successful musical by far was "Elisabeth", which was later translated into several other languages and performed all over the world. The Haus der Musik ("house of music") opened in 2000.

Many Roman Catholic churches in central Vienna also feature performances of religious or other music, including masses sung with classical music and organ.

 Museums


The Museum moderner Kunst ("museum of modern art") is a part of the Museumsquartier

The Hofburg is the location of the Schatzkammer (treasury), holding the imperial jewels of the Hapsburg dynasty. The Sisi Museum (a museum devoted to Queen Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie of Austria) allows visitors to view the Imperial apartments as well as the silver cabinet. Directly opposite the Hofburg are the Kunsthistorisches Museum and the Naturhisorische Museum, which houses many paintings by old masters and ancient and classical artefacts.

A number of museums are located the Museumsquartier (museum quarter), the former Imperial Stalls which were converted into museum complex in the 1990s. It houses the Museum of Modern Art (Ludwig Foundation), the Leopold Museum (focussing on works of the Viennese Secession, Viennese Modernism and Austrian Expressionism), additional halls with feature exhibitions and the Tanzquartier. The Liechtenstein Palace contains one of the world's largest private art collections. There are a multitude of other museums in Vienna, including the Military History Museum, the Technical Museum, the Vienna Clock Museum and the Burial Museum. The museums dedicated to Vienna's districts provide a retrospective of the respective districts.


 Architecture


Vienna's oldest church: the Ruprechtskirche


The Jugendstil Karlsplatz Stadtbahn Station by Otto Wagner

A variety of architectural styles can be found in Vienna, such as the Romanesque Ruprechtskirche, the Baroque Karlskirche. Styles range from classicist buildings to modern architecture. Art Nouveau left many architectural traces in Vienna. The Secession, Karlsplatz Stadtbahn Station, and the Kirche am Steinhof by Otto Wagner rank among the best known examples of Art Nouveau in the world.

The Hundertwasserhaus by Friedensreich Hundertwasser, designed to counter the clinical look of modern architecture, is one of Vienna's most popular tourist attractions. Another example of unique architecture is the Wotrubakirche by sculptor Fritz Wotruba.

In the 1990s, a number of quarters were adapted and extensive building projects were implemented in the areas around Donaustadt (north of the Danube) and Wienerberg (in southern Vienna). The 202 m-high Millennium Tower located at Handelskai is the highest building in Vienna[citation needed]. In recent years, Vienna has seen numerous architecture projects completed which combine modern architectural elements with old buildings, such as the remodelling and revitalisation of the old Gasometer in 2001.

Most buildings in Vienna are relatively low; there are currently (early 2006) around 100 buildings higher than 40 m. The number of high-rise buildings is kept low by building legislation aimed at preserving green areas and districts designated as world cultural heritage. Strong rules apply to the planning, authorisation and construction of high-rise buildings. Consequently, much of the inner city is a high-rise free zone.


 Education



Vienna is also Austria's main centre of education and home to many universities, professional colleges and gymnasiums.

 Transportation
Twelve bridges cross the Danube in the city, which is divided by the Danube and its branch, the Neue Donau ("new Danube").

 Public transportation


The ULF tram stock, designed by Porsche and built by Siemens boasts an entry height of 180 mm (7 in), the lowest in the world. Of these vehicles, by 2003 some 150 were in use by the municipal Wiener Linien, along with around 400 older high-floor models (substitution proceeding).
Vienna has a large public transportation network.

Vienna U-Bahn
Local Railways (Lokalbahn Wien-Baden)
Wiener Linien (= Vienna Lines, municipal company operating U-Bahn, trams, and most bus routes)
Vienna has an extensive tram and bus network - the tram network being third largest in the world. In the most populated areas of Vienna, public transport runs so frequently (even during off-peak hours) that any familiarity with departure timetables is virtually unnecessary. The convenience and flexibility of the public transport is in turn reflected by its popularity. During night hours, public transport is continued by the Nightline buses operating on all the main routes, generally every half hour.

Fare prices within the city are independent of the length of the journey and covers all modes of public transport. Tickets are also available for various time periods, such as 24 hour, monthly or yearly tickets.

The Viennese public transport services are incorporated into a larger concentric system of transport zones, the VOR (Verkehrsverbund Ostregion = eastern region traffic association). VOR includes railway and bus lines operating 50 kilometers into the surrounding areas, and ticket prices are calculated according to the number of zones.

Tickets must be purchased (and often stamped) prior to boarding or entering a station. Tickets are not checked when entering a station or boarding, there are however regular ticket inspections on all routes.

There are also two miniature railways: the Liliputbahn in the Wiener Prater and the Donauparkbahn in the Donaupark.


 Railways


Wien Westbahnhof, the starting point of the Austrian Western Railway.

Historically, all transport was oriented towards the main cities in the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. Vienna has several train stations that form the beginning of several train lines:

In order to bundle all long-distance traffic it has become necessary to build a tunnel, colloquially known as the Wildschweintunnel ("boar tunnel"), underneath Lainzer Tiergarten linking the Western Railway to the Southern Railway. The new bundled train line will connect to a new through train station called Wien Hauptbahnhof that will be constructed instead of the Südbahnhof.


 Road traffic


River Danube, Brigittenauer Brücke (bridge) and Millennium Tower in Vienna (view from Donauturm)

Similar to the train lines, Bundesstraßen leave the city in a star-shaped pattern. Some are named after their historical final destination (Prager Straße to Prague, Linzer Straße to Linz, Triester Straße to Trieste and Brünner Straße to Brno). Bundesstraßen can be compared to Federal Highways in the United States, being two-lane in rural areas and multi-lane in urban areas.

Three national autobahns leave Vienna in the westerly (A1), southerly (A2), and easterly directions (A4). Similar to the rail lines, they are commonly referred to after their exit direction (Westautobahn, Südautobahn, and Ostautobahn). In addition, several spur and branch autobahns circle around the southern and eastern areas of the city. The protected Wienerwald forest area in the western and northern areas has been left mostly untouched.

Air traffic
Vienna International Airport is located to the southeast of Vienna. The airport handled over 237,400 departures in 2006 and was frequented by 16.86 million passengers [4]. Following lengthy negotiations with surrounding communities, the airport will be expanded to increase its capacity by adding of a third runway. The airport is currently undergoing a major enlargement (construction of several new buildings) to prepare for an expected increase in passengers.

Water transportation

Vienna is connected to Rotterdam and German Industrial areas via the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal, and to Eastern European countries along the Danube to the Black Sea. The planned Danube-Oder canal remains unfinished.

Nearly all of Vienna's drinking water is brought to the city via two large water pipelines, built in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The pielinesstretch 120 km (75 miles) and 200 km (124 miles) from the Alps to the city's Hietzing district. The Alpine sources are pristine and the water does not require treatment.

Leisure activities

Viennese parks and gardens


View of Vienna from Leopoldsberg

The "Alte Donau", one of the top bathing and recreation spots

Vienna possesses many park facilities and is one of the greenest cities in the world. The most famous parks and green areas are the Stadtpark, the Burggarten and Volksgarten, which belong to the Hofburg, the Schloßpark of Schloss Belvedere with the Vienna Botanic Gardens, the Donaupark, the Schönbrunner Schlosspark, the Prater, the Augarten, the Rathauspark, the Lainzer Tiergarten, the Dehnepark, the Resselpark, the Votivpark, the Kurpark Oberlaa, the Auer-Welsbach-Park and the Türkenschanzpark, Laaer-Berg with the Bohemian Prater and the foothills of the Wienerwald, which reaches into the outer areas of the city. Small parks, known by the Viennese as Beserlparks, are everywhere in the inner-city areas. Many of Vienna's famous parks include monuments, such as the Stadtpark with its statue of Johann Strauss II, and the gardens of the baroque palace, where the State Treaty was signed. The principal park of Vienna is the Prater which contains the Riesenrad, a ferris wheel. Schönbrunn, the beautiful Imperial Summer Palace, has an 18th century park which includes the world's oldest zoo, founded in 1752. Not a park but a large recreation area is the Donauinsel, an artificial island between the Danube and Neue Donau.

Sport


Steffen Hofmann, playing for Rapid Wien

Vienna has become a popular host of many different sporting events including the Vienna City Marathon, which attracts more than 10,000 participants every year and normally takes place in May. In 2005 the Ice Hockey World Championships took place in Austria, the final was played in Vienna. After already being the stage of four Champions League (originally European Champion Clubs' Cup) finals (1964, 1987, 1990, 1995) the final of Euro 2008, the European Football Championships, will take place in Vienna's Ernst Happel Stadium.

Austria's capital is also the home of numerous sports teams. The best known of them are the local football clubs SK Rapid Wien (31 time Austrian national champions), FK Austria Wien (23 time Austrian national champions and record 25-time cup-winners) and the oldest of all, First Vienna FC. Important other sport clubs are the Chrysler Vikings Vienna (American Football), who won the Eurobowl title as Europe's best American Football team in 2004, the Vienna Hot Volleys, one of Europe's premier Volleyball-organisations, and the Vienna Capitals (Ice Hockey). Vienna submitted a bid for the 1964 Olympic Games.

Culinary specialities

Food


Sachertorte

In winter, small stands on bustling street corners sell hot chestnuts and potato fritters. Sausages are also well loved and available almost everywhere. The sausage known in the USA and Germany as Wiener (German for "Viennese") is called a Frankfurter here. Other varieties are more popular at Vienna's sausage stands, such as Burenwurst, a coarse, usually boiled, beef and pork sausage, or Käsekrainer, spicy pork with small chunks of cheese within it. Hot dogs are also very common. Due to regional food legislation the Bosner or Bosna as the Austrian equivalent of a hot dog (filled with a fried Bratwurst sausage, onions and spices) can seldom be found at the typical Viennese Würstelstand.

Vienna is also well known for Wiener schnitzel, a cutlet of veal that is pounded flat, coated in flour, egg and breadcrumbs, and fried in clarified butter. It is available in almost every restaurant that serves Viennese cuisine. Other examples of Viennese cuisine include "Tafelspitz" (very lean boiled beef), which is traditionally served with "Gerösteten Erdäpfeln" (boiled potatoes mashed with a fork and subsequently fried) and horseradish sauce, "Apfelkren" (a mixture of horseradish, cream and apple) and "Schnittlauchsauce" (a "sauce of chives" based on mayonnaise and old bread).

Vienna has a long tradition of cakes and desserts. These include Apfelstrudel (hot apple strudel), Palatschinken (sweet pancakes), and Knödel (dumplings) often filled with fruit such as apricots (Marillenknödel). Sachertorte, a dry chocolate cake with apricot jam, from the Sacher Hotel, is world famous.

The Naschmarkt is a permanent market for fruit, vegetables, spices, fish, meat and much more. The city centre has many specialty food stores, such as the "Julius Meinl am Graben".

Drink
Vienna is the world's only capital city with its own vineyards (although Paris also retains a single vineyard). The wine is served in small Viennese pubs known as Heuriger, which are especially numerous in the wine growing areas of Döbling (Grinzing, Neustift am Walde, Nußdorf, Salmannsdorf, Sievering) and Floridsdorf (Stammersdorf, Strebersdorf). The wine is often drunk as a spritzer ("G'spritzter") with sparkling water. The Grüner Veltliner, a white wine, is the most widely cultivated wine in Austria.

Beer is next in importance to wine. Vienna has a single large brewery, Ottakringer, and more than ten microbreweries. A "Beisl" is a typical small Austrian pub, of which Vienna has many.

Viennese cafés
Viennese cafés have an extremely long and distinguished history that dates back centuries, and the caffeine addictions of some famous historical patrons of the oldest are something of a local legend. Traditionally, the coffee comes with a glass of water.Viennese cafés claim to have invented the process of filtering coffee from the captured baggage after the second Turkish siege in 1683. Viennese cafés claim that when the invading Turks left Vienna that year, they abandoned hundreds of sacks of coffee beans. The Emperor gave Franz George Kolschitzky some of this coffee as a reward for providing information that allowed the Austrians to defeat the Turks. Kolschitzky then opened Vienna's first coffee shop.

Tourist attractions


The Riesenrad in the Wiener Prater

The major tourist attractions include the imperial palaces of the Hofburg and Schönbrunn (which is also the location of the world's first zoo, Tiergarten Schönbrunn), along with a number of art galleries (including the Albertina, Belvedere, Museumsquartier, KunstHausWien and BA-CA Kunstforum). The views from the Riesenrad (ferris wheel), and the Donauturm also attract large numbers of visitors, as do several museums, including the museums in the Hofburg, the twin Kunsthistorisches Museum and Naturhistorisches Museum and the Technisches Museum. Each of these attractions receives more than 250,000 visits per year [5]. Sites associated with the many composers who lived in Vienna have become sites of pilgrimage, such as Beethoven's various residences and St. Marx cemetery, Mozart's final resting place. Vienna's many fine churches also draw large crowds, the most famous of which are the Deutschordenskirche, the Jesuitenkirche, the Karlskirche, the Peterskirche, Maria am Gestade, the Minoritenkirche, the Ruprechtskirche, St. Stephen's Cathedral, the Schottenkirche and the Votivkirche. More modern attractions are also present, in the form of the Gasometer, Millennium Tower, Karl-Marx-Hof, Hundertwasserhaus and UNO-City. Cultural highlights include the Burgtheater and the Wiener Staatsoper, the Lipizzaner horses of the Spanish Riding School and the Vienna Boys' Choir.


Hundertwasserhaus


Albertina


The Secession building


The Gloriette at Schönbrunn

International organisations in Vienna


UN complex in Vienna, with the Austria Center Vienna in front, taken from Danube Tower in the nearby Donaupark before the extensive building work

Vienna is the seat of a number of United Nations offices and various international institutions and companies, including the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). Furthermore, the 1980 Diplomatic Conference was held in Vienna that led to the adoption of the United Nations Convention of Contracts for the International Sale of Goods. Additionally, Vienna is the seat of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law's secretariat (UNCITRAL).

Charitable organizations in Vienna
Alongside the international and intergovernmental organisations, there are dozens of charitable organisations based in Vienna; these organisations provide relief goods and assistance to tens of thousands of disadvantaged children and needy people in developing countries.

One such organisation is the network of SOS Children's Villages, founded by Hermann Gmeiner in 1949. Today, SOS Children's Villages are active in 132 countries and territories worldwide. Others include HASCO and the Childrens Bridge of Hope.


The Hermesvilla, in rural Hietzing

References
^ Übersicht Bevölkerungsstatistik (German) (PDF). City of Vienna.
^ Historic Centre of Vienna. UNESCO.
^ a b (2003) Volkszählung. Hauptergebnisse I - Wien (PDF) (in German), Statistik Austria.
^ Vienna International Airport (2007-01-18). Sound traffic development in 2006 (in English). Press release. Retrieved on 2007-02-07.
^ Top 30 Sights, Museums, Exhibition Halls 2005 (xls). Vienna Tourist Board.
v • d • eStates of Austria

Burgenland · Carinthia · Lower Austria · Salzburg · Styria · Tyrol · Upper Austria · Vienna · Vorarlberg

Districts of Vienna
I. Innere Stadt | II. Leopoldstadt | III. Landstraße | IV. Wieden | V. Margareten | VI. Mariahilf | VII. Neubau | VIII. Josefstadt | IX. Alsergrund | X. Favoriten | XI. Simmering | XII. Meidling | XIII. Hietzing | XIV. Penzing | XV. Rudolfsheim-Fünfhaus | XVI. Ottakring | XVII. Hernals | XVIII. Währing | XIX. Döbling | XX. Brigittenau | XXI. Floridsdorf | XXII. Donaustadt | XXIII. Liesing

Links

http://www.wien.gv.at/ 
 
Vienna

WI-001 Anker Building, by Otto Wagner, at Vienna, Austria, 1895.

WI-002 Haas Haus, by Hans Hollein, at Vienna, Austria, 1987 to 1990.

WI-003 Karl Marx Hof, by Karl Ehn, at Vienna, Austria, 1930.

WI-004 Karlskirche, by Johann Fischer von Erlach, at Vienna, Austria, 1715 to 1737.

WI-005 Landerbank, by Otto Wagner, at Vienna, Austria, 1883 to 1884.

WI-006 Majolica House, by Otto Wagner, at Vienna, Austria, 1898 to 1899.

WI-007 Moser House, by Josef Hoffmann, at Vienna, Austria, 1901 to 1903.

WI-008 Office Extension in Vienna, by Coop Himmelblau, at Vienna, Austria, 1988 to 1989.

WI-009 Portois & Fix Store, by Max Fabiani, at Vienna, Austria, 1899 to 1900.

WI-010 Post Office Savings Bank, by Otto Wagner, at Vienna, Austria, 1904 to 1912.

WI-011 Rufer House, by Adolf Loos, at Vienna, Austria, 1922.

WI-012 Sezession House, by J. M. Olbrich, at Vienna, Austria, 1896.

WI-013 St. Leopold am Steinhof, by Otto Wagner, at Vienna, Austria, 1905 to 1907.

WI-014 Steiner House, by Adolf Loos, at Vienna, Austria, 1910.

VIENNA

W01 Wien
Austria
W02 The Treasury
Austria > Wien
W03 Vienna Boys' Choir at the Hofburgkapelle
Austria > Wien
W04 Albertina Museum
Austria > Wien
W05 Belvedere Palace
Austria > Wien
W06 Kunsthistorisches Museum
Austria > Wien
W07 St Charles Church
Austria > Wien
W08 Stephansdom
Austria > Wien
W09 Schloß Schönbrunn
Austria > Wien
W10 The Musikverein
Austria > Wien
W11 The Staatsoper
Austria > Wien
W12 Volksoper Wien
Austria > Wien
W13 Burgtheater
W14 Hotel Imperial
Austria > Wien
W15 Hofburg Imperial Palace
Austria > Wien
W16 The Imperial Apartments
Austria > Wien
W17 Lipizzaner Horses of the Spanish Riding School/Spanische Reitschule
Austria > Wien

Volkstheater
Theater in der Josefstadt
Konzerthaus
Theater an der Wien
Museumsquartier

Ruprechtskirche
Karlskirche
Secession
Karlsplatz Stadtbahn Station
Kirche am Steinhof
Hundertwasserhaus
Wotruba Church

Karl Marx Hof

Millennium Tower
Gasometer
Stadtpark
Riesenrad
Albertina Museum
Schönbrunn Palace
Hermesvilla Palace
Lainzer Tiergarten
Schloss Belvedere
Palais Liechtenstein
Palais Auersperg
Palais Schwarzenberg

Justizpalast
Flaktürme
www.essential-architecture.com    the architecture you must see