Essential Architecture-  Iraq

King Nebuchadnezzar's Palace in Ancient Babylon

architect

various

location

Babylon (55 miles south of Baghdad)

date

c. 570 BC, restored 1990s.

style

Islamic

construction

brick

type

Palace complex
 
  Saddam’s Presidential Palace and ruins of ancient Babylon (Aerial View)
Photo © 2003, Daniel O’Connell, Gunnery Sergeant, USMC
 
 
The legendary city of Babylon is the most famous ancient city in the whole World. It was the capital of ten Mesopotamian dynasties starting with the dynasty of King Hammurabi (1792-1750 BC); the 6th king of the 1st dynasty; reaching prominence as the capital city of the great kingdom of Babylonia. The last dynasty at which Babylon achieved its zenith, is well known particularly of its 2nd king, Nebuchadnezzar II (605-563 BC), to whom most of Babylon’s existing buildings belongs. Most of the rebuilt ruins are from the time of King Nebuchadnezzar II, Saddam’s workforce rebuilt over the actual ruins.
Older ruins are from the time of King Hammurabi, approximately 1,750 B.C. King Hammurabi was the one who came up with many of the notions we have for a civilized mankind.
 
Nebuchadnezzar II (nɛbəkədˈnɛzər/; UK: /ˌnɛbjʊkədˈnɛzə/; Aramaic: ܢܵܒܘܼ ܟܘܼܕܘܼܪܝܼ ܐܘܼܨܘܼܪ ‎; Hebrew: נְבוּכַדְנֶצַּר‎ Nəḇūḵaḏneṣṣar; Ancient Greek: Ναβουχοδονόσωρ Naboukhodonósôr; Arabic: نِبُوخَذنِصَّر nibūḫaḏniṣṣar; c 634 – 562 BC) was king of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, who reigned c. 605 BC – 562 BC. According to the Bible, he conquered Judah and Jerusalem, and sent the Jews into exile. He is credited with the construction of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon and also known for the destruction of the First Temple. He is featured in the Book of Daniel and is also mentioned in several other books of the Bible. The Akkadian name, Nabû-kudurri-uṣur, means "Oh god Nabu, preserve/defend my firstborn son". Nabu is the Babylonian deity of wisdom, and son of the god Marduk. In an inscription, Nebuchadnezzar styles himself as Nabu's “beloved” and “favourite”.

His name has previously been mistakenly interpreted as "O Nabu, defend my kudurru", in which sense a kudurru is an inscribed stone deed of property. However, when contained in a ruler's title, kudurru approximates to "firstborn son" or "oldest son". Variations of the Hebrew form include נְבוּכַדְנֶאצַּר and נְבוּכַדְרֶאצַּר (Nəḇuḵaḏreṣṣar). He is also known as Bakhat Nasar, which means "winner of the fate", or literally, "fate winner".

links

 
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