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 Essential Architecture-  Peking

Beijing Zoo

architect

 

location

 located in Xicheng District of Beijing City, beside Beijing Exhibition Hall, facing Beijing Astronomical Observatory

date

1908

style

Qing Dynasty, with a number of hybrid Victorian western style buildings.

construction

various

type

Park
 
 
 
 Click images below for larger.
 
 
 
The Beijing Zoo (pinyin: bei jing dng w yun), lies west of Xizhimen and is in the western part of Beijing, China, was known for a short time after the founding of the People's Republic as Western Suburbs Park (Xijiao Gongyuan). The grounds combine cultivated flower gardens with stretches of natural scenery, including dense groves of trees, stretches of grassland, a small stream, lotus pools and small hills dotted with pavilions and halls.

Beijing Zoo mainly exhibits wild and rare animals growing in China. Visitors usually go to see the famous Giant Pandas, but there are many other interesting animals including the Sichuan golden snub-nosed monkey, Manchurian tigers, white-lipped deer, yaks from Tibet and enormous sea turtles, white bear from the North Pole, kangaroo from Australia, zebra from Africa.

The zoo is also a famous center of zoological research and it collects and breeds rare birds and animals from various continents.

Construction

The buildings in the Zoo cover an area of more than 50,000 square meters, including the monkey hill, the panda hall, the lion and tiger hill, the elephant hall, and many others. Altogether there are more than 30 large halls.

The Zoo exhibits not only the variety of living places for the animals but also the different rooms, halls, pavilions and luscious trees and plants. It combines the garden arts of the East and West that typically adapts to the environment of the wild animals living here.

Beijing Ocean Hall was opened to the public inside the Zoo in 1999. It is the biggest ocean hall in China. Besides enjoying the sight of all the different species of fish, guests are invited to watch the shows performed by the dolphins and the sea lions here in the Hall.

In addition, visitors can explore many old buildings built in the Qing Dynasty inside the Beijing Zoo.

History

Beijing Zoo was initially named Ten Thousand Animal Garden which was built in 1908, proving that it already has had a history of more than 90 years. It is located in Xicheng District of Beijing City, beside Beijing Exhibition Hall, facing Beijing Astronomical Observatory. The Zoo was originally the imperial manor in the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644). Plants were cultivated and animals were raised here during the Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911). After the establishment of the People's Republic of China, it was reconstructed and was known as the West Suburb Park. And in 1955, the name was changed to Beijing Zoo.

Present
The zoo has developed rapidly and by 1987 it covered an area of over 40,000 square meters. Bears, elephants, pandas, lions, tigers, songbirds, hippopotamuses, rhinoceroses, antelopes and giraffes were brought in the late 1950s, and a gorilla cage, leaf-monkey cage and aquarium house, was opened, containing specimens of over 100 species of reptiles from all over the world, including crocodiles and pythons.

The Beijing Zoo now houses over 7,000 creatures of 600 different species, including the giant panda, red-crowned crane and Pere Davids deer-all unique to China-as well as the African giraffe, rhinoceros, chimpanzee and antelope; American continent; wild ox from Europe; and elephant and gibbon from India.

links

http://www.beijingzoo.com/
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