Essential Architecture-  Canada

Château Frontenac


Bruce Price


Quebec City, Quebec




Loire chateau Romanesque


brick and stone


  East side of Château Frontenac
  Château Frontenac at sunset
The Château Frontenac grand hotel is one of the most popular attractions in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.

Designed by architect Bruce Price, the Château Frontenac was one of a long series of "château" style hotels built for the Canadian Pacific Railway company at the end of the 19th and the start of the 20th century. It opened in 1893, five years after its sister-hotel the Banff Springs. The railway company sought to encourage luxury tourism and bring wealthy travelers to its trains.

The Château Frontenac was named in honour of Louis de Buade, Count of Frontenac, who was governor of the colony of New France from 1672 to 1682 and 1689 to 1698. The Château was built not too far from the historic Citadelle, whose construction Frontenac had begun at the end of the 17th century. The Quebec Conference of 1943, in which Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt discussed strategy for World War II, was held at the Citadelle while much of the staff stayed nearby in the Château Frontenac. (William Lyon Mackenzie King was invited to some meetings as a courtesy to Canada.)

The hotel is perched on a tall cape overlooking the Saint Lawrence River, thus giving a spectacular view for several kilometres. The building is the most prominent feature of the Quebec City skyline as seen from across the St. Lawrence, and is a symbol of the city. The hotel is built near the Plains of Abraham, where the British defeated the French in 1759 during the Seven Years' War (also called the French and Indian War), to annex Quebec.

The hotel is managed and operated by Fairmont Hotels and Resorts of Toronto. The hotel was sold by Fairmont on October 31, 2000 to the Legacy Hotels REIT for CAD $185 million. However, Fairmont has a long-term management agreement with Legacy Hotels, and as of August 2005, held an 11.14% ownership in the REIT.


Official site